Undoubtedly, you are making every possible effort to ensure that your pregnancy diet comprises of foods high in nutritive value to ensure optimal growth of developing baby. But, do you know there are certain foods that can do more harm than good to your baby. Here are some of the foods to be avoided in pregnancy.
Raw seafood like oysters, shell fish, prawns and partially or uncooked sushi should be avoided in pregnancy because of the possible bacterial contamination.
Fishes high in mercury content can retard brain development in babies. Large predator fishes like marlin, swordfish and King Mackerel generally contain high mercury levels bound to their muscles and should not be included in pregnant women’s diet.
Too much of Tuna fish is also bad as it is relatively high in mercury content. Not more than 140gm of Tuna fish should be consumed in a week. Fishes preserved in saline water such as canned fished should also be avoided as they can increase water retention.
Moms-to-be should steer clear away from alcohol. Consumption of alcohol during pregnancy has been related to increased incidence of low birth weight, miscarriages, decreased intelligence in babies and learning disabilities.
It is advisable to cut down on coffee, tea and cocoa. Increased intake of caffeinated foods can increase the risk of miscarriage, pregnancy induced hypertension and can even lead to low birth weight in babies. Caffeine intake should be kept preferably below 200mg. Energy drinks should also be not included frequently in diet as they are high on caffeine.
Cheeses to be avoided in Pregnancy
Cheeses with white mould ripened rind such as Feta cheese, Brie cheese, blue cheese and soft unprocessed cheese are foods not to be eaten in pregnancy. These foods have a high risk of contamination with listeria bacteria and cause listerosis in pregnant women. Listerosis can be fatal to the developing baby
Raw Poultry Products
Foods such as egg, raw meat, pork and sausages should be cooked properly before consuming. Eggs are an excellent source of good quality protein, but it’s better to eat only fully boiled eggs during pregnancy. Uncooked or partially cooked eggs can cause Salmonella food poisoning. Any raw poultry food should be kept separated from cooked or ready to eat food to prevent any possible contamination.
Liver sausages, fish liver oil supplements and liver products should be avoided in meals as they are very rich in Retinol that is Vitamin A. High doses of Vitamin A can potentially harm the baby.
Unpasteurized Milk and their dairy products
Drinking unpasteurized milk can pose serious hazards like Listeria infection. Goat’s milk and dairy products made from goat’s milk are best avoided as they have much higher chance of being contaminated with harmful bacteria.
Soft ice creams should also be avoided for the same reason.
Though conclusive evidence is missing, it has been suggested that large amounts of Herbal tea can be harmful in pregnancy as many herbs can cause weight loss which can prove detrimental to adequate growth and development of baby. Too much of herbal supplements should also be avoided as they can pose a risk of low birth weight babies.